Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones which provokes calcium and mineral reduction. Bones are becoming weak and may break easily.
Osteoporosis is generally considered (in women) as a direct consequence of the menopause. Doubtless, there is a relation between the decreased production of estrogens after the climacteric and the mechanism of renewal of bony tissues.
When the degradation of the tissues is advanced, the symptoms of osteoporosis in progress are revealed: limbs risks fractures, among which the most frequent is the fracture of the femoral neck. When it affects the vertebral column, this disease determines an indirectly reduction of the stature, because of the reduction of the mass of the vertebra and the consequent crushing and the curving of the whole column, influencing therefore also on the characteristic curved gait of the subject affected by osteoporosis. The senile osteoporosis is often accompanied by pains localized above all in the lumbar region of the back.
The diagnosis can be made, beyond that with the normal x-rays, analysis of the bony density carried out with more sophisticated techniques, like the
Bone Mineral measurement Computerized (MOC), or the Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT).
From pharmacological point of view this pathology is cured with drug assumption that decreases calcium absorption, estrogens, calcite and D vitamin.
Particular attention will have to be paid, in the care job, to the effective drugs administration prescribed by the doctor, to feeding of rich of calcium and D vitamin (see didactic unit on the feeding), to avoid carefully risks of falls.