The main condition that involves metabolic disorders is the diabetes.

The diabetes is a chronic condition, in which the organism, incapable to produce or use completely a hormone called «insulin», causes a defect of metabolism of carbohydrates and, in smaller measure, of proteins and fats.

There are two main types of diabetes: type I, or mellitus diabetes insulin – (addicted) in which the insulin production stops completely and diabetes of type II, in which the organism does not produce a sufficient amount of insulin or it can’t use it. This last type is defines also “senile diabetes” because it affect the old persons, species with the overweight.

If not cured, the diabetes can be lethal. In fact the dead provoked by diabetic coma represents the unavoidable conclusion of the condition, if not cured with an insulin therapy. In all and the two kind of diabetes, the long lasting of a condition in which the levels of glycaemia are maintained moderately high, it can cause, to the end, like already said, condition to kidneys, compromise the sight (the broken of the blood vessels and the retina), the opacification of crystalline (diabetic cataract).

Diet is fundamental in the cure of the diabetes and in some cases it is quite sufficient to keep under control the glycaemia and to avoid to assume drugs.

The important thing to remember is that it is necessary to pay attention to the amount of sugars and carbohydrates and to the amount of calories introduced.

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