Other than the legal regulations described in the work reconciliation section there is no national legislation concerning work contracts or collective bargaining arrangements specific to working carers. Workplace support is delivered via (non-statutory) good practice measures at sector or individual employer level. In some cases work-life balance/family friendly policies are provided through collective agreements (negotiated between an employer and a trade union). However the existence and role of such agreements varies considerably across sectors and employers and is generally much less common in the private sector than in the public sector.

In some cases workplace support builds on legal regulations, adapting them and going beyond minimum requirements. In others, employers identify a workplace need and address it. In both cases, the measures developed reflect the needs of both individual employees and the organisation and may include work related and care related support.

Besides flexible working arrangements and leave, work-related support can include awareness-raising activities for managers and the wider workforce, training or support for line managers and provision or support of staff carers’ networks.

Care-related support can include occupational health and wellbeing provision, back up care services for dependents, advice and information on services and support, and counselling and practical support for the caring role.